What Is 1949 Armistice Agreement Line

On January 6, 1949, Dr. Ralph Bunche announced that Egypt had finally agreed to begin talks with Israel on an armistice. Talks began on January 12 on the Greek island of Rhodes. Shortly after its debut, Israel agreed to the release of an Egyptian brigade besieged in Falujah, but quickly revoked its consent. [5] By the end of the month, talks were at a standstill. Israel has demanded that Egypt withdraw all its forces from the former territory of Mandatory Palestine. [Citation needed] Egypt insisted that Arab forces withdraw to the positions they occupied on 14 October 1948, in accordance with Security Council resolution S/1070 of 4 November 1948, and that Israeli forces withdraw to positions north of the Majdal-Hebron Strait. Syria has withdrawn its forces from most of the areas it controlled west of the international border, which have become demilitarized zones. The territory retained by Syria, west of the 1923 Palestinian Mandate border and allocated to the Jewish state as part of the UN partition plan, covered 66 square kilometers in the Jordan Valley.

[11] These areas were called demilitarized zones (DMZs) and remained under Syrian control. It was stressed that the ceasefire line “shall not be interpreted as being linked in any way to the final territorial agreements”. (Article V) Between February and July 1949, General Armistice Agreements (GAAs) were signed between the State of Israel and four Arab states: Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. Iraq, which had participated in the war with an expeditionary force, did not conclude an agreement because it did not share a border with Israel; His forces were just leaving the arena. All negotiations were negotiated on behalf of the United Nations (UN) by Ralph Bunche, whose performance earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1949. These agreements ended the Arab-Israeli war of 1948. The failure of the UN Mediation Commission on Palestine to reach broader peace treaties created a de facto situation that transformed the comprehensive ceasefire agreements into quasi-permanent agreements that governed relations between Israel and its Arab neighbors until the 1967 war. In any case, a joint ceasefire commission has been formed to investigate complaints from both sides and report regularly to the UN Security Council. In the years following the signing of the agreements, all parties were repeatedly found guilty of violations.

Egypt held large military forces in the demilitarized zone of `Uja al-Hafeer. Israel, for its part, reinforced the enclave of Mount Scopus (which was to be demilitarized) with armed soldiers disguised as policemen. Israel has also sent soldiers into Jordanian territory on numerous occasions to carry out raids in retaliation for attacks by armed people in Israel. Syrian forces have carried out numerous artillery attacks against Israeli forces and settlements in the demilitarized zone next to the Golan Heights. On February 18, the Joint Armistice Commission condemned Israel and Jordan for the sniper of the February 14 demarcation line near Deir el Ghusun (about M.R. 1575-1955) in the northern zone. This shot led to the murder of a Jordanian. On the 29th. In March 1954, at 7:00 a.m.

local time.m, the Jordanian delegation filed an oral complaint with the Chairman of the Joint Armistice Commission regarding an incident that occurred on 29 March 1954 at 7.m 00 a.m. local time in the village of Nahhalin, approximately 35 kilometres from the demarcation line. Surrounded the village in three directions and entered the village and opened fire from various automatic weapons, threw hand grenades and placed mines on some houses, including the village mosque. As a result of this brutal attack, 9 people – 8 men and 1 woman – were killed, 14 others were injured and taken to hospital. The fire lasted about an hour and a half and was sent back by village guards. Then the attackers withdrew. Mines, grenades and other martial materials bearing Hebrew markings were found at the scene. This complaint was accepted by the Joint Ceasefire Commission and the agreement with Syria was signed on 20 July. Syria has withdrawn its forces from most of the areas it controlled west of the international border. These zones should then be demilitarized zones. The Israeli-Jordanian GAA was officially signed in Rhodes on April 3, 1949 by Colonel Ahmad Sidqi Bey al-Jundi for the Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan and by Reuven Shiloah and Colonel Moshe Dayan on behalf of Israel. The real breakthrough and the terms of the deal were actually reached in secret talks between King Abdullah and Israeli representatives at the Shuna Royal Palace.

The Israeli-Jordanian GAA left a number of issues, such as Jewish access to the Western Wall in Jerusalem`s Old City and Jordanian access to the south via Bethlehem Street, which had to be resolved in subsequent negotiations. But the failure of secret peace negotiations between Israeli officials and Abdullah in 1949 and 1951, the assassination of the king in July 1951, and the resulting rapid deterioration of Israeli-Jordanian relations prevented the resolution of these outstanding issues. Nevertheless, with many ups and downs, this agreement has been maintained for nearly twenty years as a more or less effective framework for regulating relations between the two states. Armistice talks with Syria began in April 1949 at Gesher B`not Yaacov on the Jordan River,[10] after the conclusion of the other armistice agreements. The agreement with Syria was signed on July 20, 1949. [4] The 1949 Armistice Agreements are a series of armistice agreements signed in 1949 between Israel and neighboring Egypt,[1] Lebanon,[2] Jordan,[3] and Syria[4] to formally end official hostilities in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war and establish armistice lines between Israeli and Jordanian-Iraqi forces, also known as the Green Line. Ceasefire agreements were to serve only as interim agreements until they were replaced by lasting peace treaties. However, it took three decades to reach a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt, and after that, it took another 15 years to reach a peace treaty between Israel and Jordan. To date, no peace treaty has been signed between Israel and Lebanon[N 1] or between Israel and Syria.

The Green Line refers to the demarcation lines and not to the permanent borders between Israeli forces and those of their neighbours. [3] Any movement across the demarcation lines was prohibited and monitored by the United Nations Ceasefire Monitoring Organization. Most often, the term has been applied to the border between Jordanian-controlled Jerusalem and the West Bank and Israel. The route of the Green Line completely replaced the partition lines proposed and adopted by the United Nations in the 1947 partition plan, which Israel had accepted in Israel`s Declaration of Independence. Palestinian and Arab leaders have repeatedly rejected any permanent partition of Mandatory Palestine. The Chairman of the United Nations Joint Commission, Colonel Garrison B. Coverdale (United States) urged a solution to this problem within the Joint Armistice Commission, in a friendly spirit and the United Nations. After some hesitation, this procedure was accepted and finally an agreement was reached in which the ceasefire demarcation line was changed to place Wadi Fukin under Jordanian authority, which in turn agreed to transfer an uninhabited but fertile area south of Bethlehem to Israeli control. [9] February 19: The Egyptian delegation complained that on February 19, armed Israelis automatically opened fire over the demarcation line on an Arab working in his field with M.R.

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